|Birth||July 31, 1824 (Neuilly-sur-Seine)|
|Death||February 4, 1890 (Sanlúcar de Barrameda)|
Antoine d'Orléans (Antoine Marie Philippe Louis d'Orléans; 31 July 1824 – 4 February 1890) was a member of the French royal family in the House of Orléans. He was the youngest son of King Louis Philippe of France and his wife Maria Amelia Teresa of the Two Sicilies. He was styled as the Duke of Montpensier. He was born on 31 July 1824 at the château de Neuilly and died 4 February 1890 at Sanlúcar de Barrameda, Spain.
Marriage and issue
On 10 October 1846 at Madrid, Spain, he married Infanta Luisa Fernanda of Spain, the daughter of King Ferdinand VII of Spain and his wife Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies.
They had ten children:
1. Maria Isabel (1848–1919),who married her first cousin Philippe, comte de Paris (1838–94), the French claimant, and became known as Marie Isabelle, comtesse de Paris. She had several children.
2. Maria Amelia (1851–1870)
3. Maria Cristina (1852–1879)
4. Maria de la Regla (1856–1861)
5. [?] (1857-1857)
6. Fernando (1859–1873)
7. Mercedes (1860–1878), otherwise Princess Marie des Graces d'Orleans-Montpensier, who married her first cousin Alfonso XII and is historically known as Mercedes of Orleans, queen of Spain. No children.
8. Felipe Raimundo Maria(1862–1864)
9. Antonio (1866–1930), became Duke of Galliera in Italy. He married his first cousin Infanta Eulalia of Spain (1864–1958), daughter of Isabella II, and had two sons.
10. Luis Maria Felipe Antonio(1867–1874)
Candidate for the Spanish throne
Antoine de Montpensier lived in Spain from 1848 when he and his family had to leave France after the Revolution of 1848. During the Spanish revolution of 1868, he supported the insurgents under Juan Prim against Queen Isabella II of Spain, his own sister-in-law.
In 1870 he fought a duel against Infante Enrique, Duke of Seville, the brother of Francis, Duke of Cádiz, and killed him. Antoine was convicted and sentenced to one month in prison.
On 16 November 1870 the Cortes voted for the next king and chose Amadeo of Savoy with 191 votes. Antoine only received 27 votes, and left Spain, only to return in 1874. His ambitions were fulfilled by his daughter Mercedes, who became Queen of Spain after her marriage to Alfonso XII, son of Isabella II.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 13 July 1824 – 21 September 1824: His Serene Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
- 21 September 1824 – 9 August 1830: His Royal Highness Prince Antoine d'Orléans
- 9 August 1830 – 16 August 1830: His Royal Highness The Prince Antoine
- 16 August 1830 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
- 10 October 1846 – 10 October 1859: His Royal Highness The Duke of Montpensier
- 10 October 1859 – 4 February 1890: His Royal Highness Infante Don Antonio, Duke of Montpensier
The Duke's complete style in Spain, after his rise to the rank of Infante, was: Su Alteza Real el Serenísmo y Egregio Señor Infante Don Antonio María de Orleans, Duque de Montpensier (in English: His Royal and Serene Highness the Notable Prince Lord Antonio María d'Orléans, Duke of Montpensier).
- Knight Grand Cross of the National Order of the Légion d'Honneur
- Knight of the Monst Illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece
- Knight Collar of the Royal and Distinguished Spanish Order of Charles III
- Knight Companion of the Most Noble Order of the Garter
|Heraldry of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier|
|Ancestors of Antoine, Duke of Montpensier|