|Intro||American soccer player-coach|
|Is||Sports official Athlete Football player Association football player Association football manager Sports coach|
|From||United States of America|
|Birth||9 April 1951|
Anson Dorrance (born April 9, 1951) is an American soccer coach. He is currently the head coach of the women's soccer program at the University of North Carolina. He has one of the most successful coaching records in the history of athletics. Under Dorrance's leadership, the Tar Heels have won 21 of the 31 NCAA Women's Soccer Championships. The Tar Heels' record under Dorrance is 719–39–24 (.935 winning percentage) over 33 seasons as of September 9, 2011. He has led his team to a 101-game unbeaten streak and coached 13 different women to a total of 20 National Player of the Year awards. The NCAA has recognized Dorrance as the Women's Soccer Coach of the Year seven times (1982, 1986, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2003 and 2006) and as the Men's Soccer Coach of the Year in 1987. On March 10, 2008 Dorrance was elected to the National Soccer Hall of Fame.
Dorrance was born in Bombay, India on April 9, 1951, the son of an American oil executive. He spent his youth moving with his family throughout Europe and Africa. Of all the places he lived, three had particular influences on his later life. In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia he met his future wife, M'Liss Gary, the daughter of the U.S. Air Force attache to Ethiopia. He attributes his love of soccer to his years living in Kenya and finally, he gained his education from the boarding school, Villa St. Jean International School, in Fribourg, Switzerland from which he graduated in 1969.
After graduating from Villa St. Jean, he moved to the United States and attended St Mary's University in San Antonio, Texas. He transferred after the fall term to the University of North Carolina. His love of soccer led him to walk onto the school's soccer team, then coached by Marvin Allen, where he was a three time All-ACC player. In 1974 he graduated with a B.A. in English and Philosophy. That year he also married his childhood sweetheart, M'Liss Gary.
Under the influence of his father, Dorrance entered North Carolina Central University Law School in 1976, later transferring to the University of North Carolina School of Law. That same year, Coach Allen convinced Dorrance to succeed him as the UNC men's soccer coach. From 1977 until 1988 Dorrance compiled a 175–65–21 (.708) record with the team. His greatest success with the men's team came in 1987 when he led them to the Atlantic Coast Conference championship and the NCAA Final Four. That same year he also won the NCAA Men's Soccer Coach of the Year.
UNC women's soccer team
In 1979 UNC expanded Dorrance's duties to include the newly established women's team as well as the men's soccer team. It was this event which moved Dorrance into the limelight. Within two years, Dorrance had guided his Lady Tar Heels to the 1981 Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (AIAW) title. When Dorrance began coaching the Lady Tar Heels, the NCAA did not have a women's soccer championship. When the NCAA showed no interest in establishing one, Dorrance and University of Colorado coach, Chris Lidstone, approached the AIAW, who were receptive to the idea. After the AIAW led the way, the NCAA finally recognized women's soccer as an inter-collegiate sport and Dorrance's teams proceeded to dominate the sport. His teams won every championship from 1982–1984 and again from 1986–1994. After winning the 2009 NCAA championship, the Tar Heels have claimed a total of 22 national championships and 21 of the 29 NCAA championships.
Dorrance's success comes from several interrelated attributes. First, he has an eye for recruiting outstanding talent. Related to that is his emphasis on competitiveness. He noted early in his time as a women's coach that women seemed to have an inhibition against open competition. He decided to develop an atmosphere at UNC in which women were rewarded for having an aggressive desire to win. Finally, he noted from his work with both the men's and women's teams that women tended to play best in an atmosphere which focused on relationships.
Dorrance was able to bring out his players' aggressiveness and competitiveness while also fostering an almost family sense of the team. Regarding the aggressiveness, Santa Clara University women's soccer coach Jerry Smith noted in a 1998 Sports Illustrated article, "When you watch them, you can see the edge they have. I'll go beyond aggressiveness. It's meanness. Anson has found a way to bring that out of his players." Mia Hamm added in the same article, "I grew up always good at sports, but being a girl, I was never allowed to feel as good about it as guys were. My toughness wasn't celebrated. But then I came here, and it was O.K. to want to be the best."
Head coaching record
|North Carolina (Atlantic Coast Conference) (1979–present)|
|1980||North Carolina||21–5–0||–||–||AIAW Semifinals|
|1981||North Carolina||23–0–0||–||–||AIAW Champions|
|1982||North Carolina||19–2–0||–||–||NCAA Champions|
|1983||North Carolina||19–1–0||–||–||NCAA Champions|
|1984||North Carolina||24–0–1||–||-||NCAA Champions|
|1985||North Carolina||18–2–1||–||-||NCAA Runner Up|
|1986||North Carolina||24–0–1||–||-||NCAA Champions|
|1987||North Carolina||23–0–1||3–0–0||1st||NCAA Champions|
|1988||North Carolina||18–0–3||1–0–1||ACC Runner Up||NCAA Champions|
|1989||North Carolina||24–0–1||4–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|1990||North Carolina||20–1–1||4–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|1991||North Carolina||24–0–0||4–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|1992||North Carolina||25–0–0||4–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|1993||North Carolina||23–0–0||4–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|1994||North Carolina||25–1–1||5–1–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|1995||North Carolina||25–1–0||7–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Semifinals|
|1996||North Carolina||25–1–0||7–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|1997||North Carolina||27–0–1||7–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|1998||North Carolina||25–1–0||7–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Runner Up|
|1999||North Carolina||24–2–0||7–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|2000||North Carolina||21–3–0||4–3–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|2001||North Carolina||24–1–0||7–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Runner Up|
|2002||North Carolina||21–2–4||4–1–2||ACC Champions||NCAA Semifinals|
|2003||North Carolina||27–0–0||7–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|2004||North Carolina||20–1–2||9–0–0||ACC Runner Up||NCAA Third Round|
|2005||North Carolina||23–1–1||9–1–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Quarterfinals|
|2006||North Carolina||27–1–0||10–0–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|2007||North Carolina||19–4–1||9–1–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Third Round|
|2008||North Carolina||25–1–2||9–0–1||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|2009||North Carolina||23–3–1||9–3–0||ACC Champions||NCAA Champions|
|2010||North Carolina||19–3–2||9–3–0||ACC Semifinals||NCAA Third Round|
|2011||North Carolina||13–5–2||6–3–1||ACC Quarterfinals||NCAA Third Round|
|2012||North Carolina||15–5–2||6–3–1||ACC Quarterfinals||NCAA Champions|
National champion Postseason invitational champion
National team coach
His success at North Carolina led to the United States Soccer Federation hiring Dorrance as the coach of the United States women's national soccer team in 1986. In taking the job Dorrance delivered a letter containing a stark warning to the players he inherited: "If you don't come in fit, I will cut you!" He successfully juggled his duties to both the national team and UNC. In one extreme case, Dorrance left Assistant Coach Bill Palladino to lead UNC to a championship victory in the 1991 NCAA tournament while he led the US Women to a World Cup championship. In that tournament, the United States won the first Women's World Cup, held in China. When Dorrance ended his tenure in 1994 with the national team, he had accumulated a record of 66–22–5 (.737) record. He has coached some of the finest players in women's soccer history including Michelle Akers, Mia Hamm and Kristine Lilly.
In May 2005 Dorrance was elected as a member of the North Carolina Sports Hall of Fame. In February 2016 he received the Werner Fricker Builder Award, a special award named after Werner Fricker.
In 1998 a former player, Melissa Jennings, sued Dorrance for sexual harassment. He had just cut her from the team. Initially, it appeared the suit was retaliation against Dorrance. However, Debbie Keller Hill, a former team captain, joined the suit. In October 2004 U.S. District Court Judge N. Carlton Tilley, Jr. threw out the six-year lawsuit, stating the "behavior at issue does not constitute severe, pervasive and objectively offensive sexual harassment." In April 2006 a three judge federal appeals panel voted against reversing the judgement (2–1). Jennings appealed to the full court with oral arguments taking place in October 2006. Hill had earlier settled with the university for $70,000. The 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, after a rehearing by the full court, vacated summary judgment for defendants in Jennings' lawsuit. The April 9, 2007 decision allowed Jennings to proceed on her Title IX claim and on sexual harassment civil rights claims under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 against Dorrance and a university official. Judge M. Blane Michael wrote in the 4th Circuit Court's majority opinion that Dorrance's conduct "went far beyond simple teasing and qualified as sexual harassment."
On October 1, 2007 the U.S. Supreme Court denied a petition by the state Attorney General's Office for the court to hear a nine-year-old sexual harassment suit against UNC-Chapel Hill and its women's soccer coach, Anson Dorrance.
The refusal by the Supreme Court to hear the case meant that the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruling from 2007 would stand and the case could proceed to trial. On January 14, 2008 the suit was settled out of court and Melissa Jennings will receive $385,000. The university also will review its sexual harassment policies and procedures, and bring in an outside law professor to help. The coach issued a written apology to the player, her family, and team members saying that his comments were inappropriate.