Anastasia Golovina (Bulgarian: Анастасия Головина), also known as Anastassya Nikolau Berladsky-Golovina, and Atanasya Golovina (1850-1933) was the first Bulgarian female doctor.
She was born in Kishinev. She graduated from the Sorbonne in 1878 where she defended her doctoral thesis "Histological examination of the walls of the arteries", which provokes the admiration of the scientist Jean Charcot. She was the first Bulgarian woman to graduate from a university.
She worked in hospitals and schools, and was a specialist in internal diseases as well as a psychiatrist. She had contacts with the progressive, revolutionary circles in Bulgaria and Russia in the middle of the 1870s.