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Amaury I de Craon

Amaury I de Craon

Medieval French nobleman
The basics
Quick Facts
Gender male
Birth Craon
Death May 2, 1226
Mother: Isabelle de Meulan
Father: Maurice II de Craon
Children: Isabelle de Craon
The details

Amaury I of Craon (1170–1226), was Lord of Craon, of Chantocé, Ingrandes, Candé, Segré, Duretal, Baugé and of Lude.

Early life and family

Amaury I of Craon was the youngest of the three sons of Maurice II de Craon (1132-1196) and Isabelle de Beaumont-le-Roger. He had four sisters of whom Havoise de Craon (1175-1251) was also the eldest child.

In 1207, he succeeded, as Lord of Craon, his brother Maurice III de Craon (1165-1207) deceased that year. His other brother, Pierre, as an ecclesiastic was excluded from the title.

In 1212, he married Jeanne des Roches, daughter of Seneschal of Anjou, Guillaume des Roches and Marguerite de Sablé.

Military career

The 2 July 1214, he fought alongside the future King of France, Louis VIII at the Battle of Roche-au-Moines, which saw a French victory, thanks to the decisive action of his father-in-law, Guillaume des Roches against the English troops of "Jean sans Terre" John, King of England.

From 1218 to 1219, he participated alongside the King of France, Philippe Auguste, in the Albigensian Crusade.

In 1222, following the death of Guillaume des Roches, Amaury took the title of sénéchal of Anjou, Maine and Touraine. He was thus confronted with the pretension of Pierre Mauclerc, Peter I, Duke of Brittany, who had his sights on Anjou. In 1223, he seized Châteaubriant and La Guerche-de-Bretagne belonging to the domain of Pouancé, but he could not take the Castle of Pouancé. Alerted, Pierre Mauclerc came to the rescue and surprised Amaury's exhausted troops. Routed, Amaury was taken prisoner. A large ransom was demanded from his subjects for his liberation. Freed the same year, Amaury rejoined the new King Louis VIII at Compiègne.

Death and succession

Amaury I died on 2 May 1226. He was buried in La Roë Abbey. His wife, Jeanne des Roches, became guardian of their son Maurice IV de Craon (1213-1250), future Seneschal of Anjou. She took the title of sénéchal of Anjou, Maine and Touraine. In 1227, she rendered homage to the new young King of France; Louis IX, better known under the name of Saint Louis, aged only thirteen years. She retained the role of Seneschal until the end of her days about 1240/1241 when the title passed to her son, Maurice.

Notes and references

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Early life and family Military career Death and succession Notes and references
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