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Amalie Auguste of Bavaria

Amalie Auguste of Bavaria Queen of Saxony

Queen of Saxony
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Queen of Saxony
A.K.A. Amelie de Baviere
Was Queen
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender female
Birth 13 November 1801, Munich, Germany
Death 8 November 1877, Dresden, Germany (aged 76 years)
Star sign ScorpioScorpio
Family
Mother: Caroline of Baden
Father: Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
Siblings: Princess Augusta of BavariaElisabeth Ludovika of BavariaPrincess Ludovika of BavariaPrincess Sophie of BavariaCaroline Augusta of BavariaMaria Anna of Bavaria (1805–1877)Ludwig I of BavariaPrince Karl Theodor of BavariaMaximiliana of Bavaria
Spouse: John of Saxony
Children: Albert of SaxonyPrincess Elisabeth of SaxonyGeorge, King of SaxonyPrincess Anna of Saxony (1836–1859)Princess Margaretha of SaxonyPrincess Sophie of SaxonySidonie of Saxony Marie Auguste Friederike Prinzessin von SachsenFriedrich August Ernst Prinz von Sachsen
The details
Biography


Amalie Auguste (Munich, 13 November 1801 – Dresden, 8 November 1877) was a Princess of Bavaria and Queen of Saxony.

Biography

Amalie was the fourth child of King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife Caroline of Baden. She was the identical twin sister of Elisabeth Louise, later Queen of Prussia as wife of Frederick William IV of Prussia. Three other sisters married King Frederick Augustus II of Saxony, Archduke Franz Karl of Austria and Maximilian Joseph, Duke in Bavaria.

In 1851 Amalie Auguste became chairwoman of Women's Association of Dresden (Frauenverein zu Dresden), an organisation founded by her sister, the then queen. Three years later, her husband inherited the throne and she became queen. In 1859 she reorganized the association as the Zentralausschuß obererzgebirgischen und der vogtländischen Frauenvereine and established a legal basis for it, under which the organisation continued until 1932.

A firm believer in divine-right absolute monarchy, the queen despised representative government and liberalism. Although she was an ultraconservative Catholic, it is unclear to what extent she was involved in the government's harsh persecution of Saxon Protestants in the 1860s, which included torture and long periods of incarceration. But later arrested by Willhim I who saw what she did in person for those crimes and tried and convicted by a jury for those crimes and Willhim acting as prosecutor and Bismarck as judge and she was sentenced life in prison without porile and she died in a custom jail in Dresden after a long illness from tuberculosis in Dresden. {{copy edit section}}

Marriage and issue

Amalie Auguste married on 21 November 1822 Prince John of Saxony, who reigned as King of Saxony between 1854 and 1873. John and Amelia had nine children, of whom six died at young ages and predeceased her:

Ancestry

16. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
16. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
8. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
4. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
18. Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
9. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
19. Countess Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
2. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
20. Theodore Eustace, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
10. Joseph Charles, Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach
21. Princess Maria Eleonore of Hesse-Rotenburg
5. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
22. Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
11. Countess Palatine Elisabeth Auguste Sofie of Neuburg
23. Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł
1. Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
24. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach
12. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
25. Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
6. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
26. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
13. Princess Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
27. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
3. Princess Caroline of Baden
28. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 26)
14. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
29. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg (= 27)
7. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
30. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (= 8)
15. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
31. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (= 9)
16. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
8. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
4. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
18. Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
9. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
19. Countess Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
2. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
20. Theodore Eustace, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
10. Joseph Charles, Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach
21. Princess Maria Eleonore of Hesse-Rotenburg
5. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
22. Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
11. Countess Palatine Elisabeth Auguste Sofie of Neuburg
23. Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł
1. Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
24. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach
12. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
25. Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
6. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
26. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
13. Princess Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
27. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
3. Princess Caroline of Baden
28. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 26)
14. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
29. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg (= 27)
7. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
30. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (= 8)
15. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
31. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (= 9)
8. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
4. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
18. Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
9. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
19. Countess Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
2. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
20. Theodore Eustace, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
10. Joseph Charles, Hereditary Prince of Sulzbach
21. Princess Maria Eleonore of Hesse-Rotenburg
5. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
22. Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
11. Countess Palatine Elisabeth Auguste Sofie of Neuburg
23. Princess Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł
1. Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
24. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach
12. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
25. Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
6. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
26. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
13. Princess Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
27. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
3. Princess Caroline of Baden
28. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (= 26)
14. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
29. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg (= 27)
7. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
30. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (= 8)
15. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
31. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (= 9)

Sources

  • Petermann, Karl: Der König Johann und die Königin Amalie von Sachsen, sowie die Feier ihres goldenen Ehejubiläums; in: Erzählungen. O.Author, o.J.
Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach
Born: 13 November 1801 Died: 8 November 1877
German royalty
Preceded by
Maria Anna of Bavaria
Queen consort of Saxony
9 August 1854 – 29 October 1873
Succeeded by
Carola of Vasa

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 08 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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