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Alexander Saxton

Alexander Saxton

American professor, historian, novelist
Alexander Saxton
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro American professor, historian, novelist
Was Historian Writer Novelist Activist Trade unionist
From United States of America
Type Activism Literature Social science
Gender male
Birth 16 July 1919, Great Barrington, Berkshire County, Massachusetts, USA
Death 20 August 2012, Lone Pine, Inyo County, California, USA (aged 93 years)
Star sign Cancer
Education
University of Chicago
University of California, Berkeley
Phillips Exeter Academy
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Alexander Plaisted Saxton (July 16, 1919 – August 20, 2012) was an American historian, novelist, and university professor. He was the author of the pioneering Indispensable Enemy (1975), one of the founding texts in Asian American studies.

Life and works

Saxton was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts to Eugene and Martha Saxton, one of two children. His older brother was the author Mark Saxton (1914–1988). His father became the editor in chief of Harper & Brothers, his mother taught literature at a private girls' school in Manhattan. Saxton was raised on the East Side of Manhattan, his parents were known to have famous writers over for dinner such as Thornton Wilder and Aldous Huxley. He attended Phillips Exeter Academy and Harvard (John F. Kennedy was a classmate), but dropped out in his junior year to become a laborer in Chicago. He said he wanted to see "how people live in the other America — the real America."

After dropping out of Harvard, Saxton made the intentional transition from a privileged upbringing to the working class where he labored at various times as "a harvest hand, construction gang laborer, engine-wiper, freight brakeman, architectural apprentice, assistant to the assistant editor" of a union newspaper, railroad switchman and columnist for The Daily Worker. Saxton published his first novel, Grand Crossing in 1943, when he was 24 years old. His next novel was his most acclaimed, The Great Midland published in 1948. It examines the 1920s and 1930s labor movement through the lives of a man and a woman. His last novel, Bright Web in the Darkness (1958), is about two women - one white, the other black - who meet in a factory during World War II. Saxton never returned to the novel, two years before his death he said "The novel claims only a brief span in human culture and may not continue to play a key role."

While working on the novels, Saxton was a full-time organizer of maritime workers and longshoremen in San Francisco, and he also wrote prolifically for many left-wing publications. Saxton did eventually get his bachelor's degree from the University of Chicago, mainly to appease his parents. During World War II he served with the Merchant Marines. After the war, due to his left-leaning activities and with the Cold War in full swing, he found it difficult to find publishers for his fiction. At the age of 43 he returned to school, earning a Ph.D. in history from the University of California, Berkeley and soon became a professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. He said he was part of a generation "radicalized by the Great Depression," going on to say:

This was a group relatively small in numbers but impressively influential in its time. Whether organizing unions, advocating for civil rights or fighting fascism in Spain, all shared an urgent sense that the time had come in human history for crossing from an ethics of individual achievement, to one of moral responsibility for the social order one lived in.

Saxton was one of the founding fathers of the UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the creator of new courses in American history, including the first course on Filipino-American history and another on Film and History. He was the author of the pioneering, Indispensable Enemy (1975), one of the founding texts in Asian American history/studies. As Claire Potter wrote in The Chronicle of Higher Education soon after his death:

He was one of the first historians to think seriously about how racial whiteness coalesced as an identity for European-descended working-class men in California; and how the demonization of immigrants from the Asian diaspora by nativist elites served the politics of capitalism in the Western United States.

Saxton taught American history at UCLA from 1968 until his retirement in 1990. Saxton had two daughters, one who died in 1990 and another who died of cancer in April 2019. His wife Trudy died in about 2002. Saxton's death was by a self-inflicted gunshot wound at his home in Lone Pine, California on August 20, 2012. His daughter said her father wished to choose the time and place of his death, like other transitions in his life.

Bibliography

  • 2006 Religion and the Human Prospect
  • 2003 The Rise and Fall of the White Republic: Class Politics and Mass Culture in Nineteenth Century America
  • 1975 The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti-Chinese Movement in California
  • 1958 Bright Web in the Darkness (novel)
  • 1948 The Great Midland (novel)
  • 1943 Grand Crossing (novel)
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 18 May 2021. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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References
https://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/02/books/alexander-saxton-novelist-and-historian-dies-at-93.html?_r=1
http://neglectedbooks.com/?p=1582
https://web.archive.org/web/20120908070932/http://www.history.ucla.edu/news-old/in-memoriam-professor-alexander-alex-saxton
http://www.history.ucla.edu/news-old/in-memoriam-professor-alexander-alex-saxton
https://web.archive.org/web/20130325170710/http://www.aasc.ucla.edu/archives/asaxton2012.asp
http://www.aasc.ucla.edu/archives/asaxton2012.asp
http://chronicle.com/blognetwork/tenuredradical/2012/09/the-indispensable-alexander-saxton/
http://www.amerasiajournal.org/blog/?p=1855
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb122215971
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb122215971
https://isni.org/isni/0000000116516325
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n90654975
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=jx20060227015&CON_LNG=ENG
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p070284598
http://mak.bn.org.pl/cgi-bin/KHW/makwww.exe?BM=1&NU=1&IM=4&WI=9810544263005606
https://www.idref.fr/030891116
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