Alexander Graf Lambsdorff
|Is||Historian Politician Diplomat|
|Field||Social science Politics|
|Birth||5 November 1966, Cologne, Cologne Government Region, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany|
|Politics||Free Democratic Party|
Alexander Sebastian Léonce von der Wenge Lambsdorff (born 5 November 1966) is a German politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Germany. He is a member of the Free Democratic Party of Germany, part of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe.
A member of the noble Lambsdorff family, he holds an Imperial Russian comital title.
Family, early life and education
Of Prussian Westphalian ancestry, his family's comital title was granted in 1817 by Alexander I of Russia. His father, Count Hagen Lambsdorff (born 1935), is a former German Ambassador to the Czech Republic and Latvia and his uncle, Count Otto Lambsdorff (1926–2009), was a West German politician and Cabinet Minister from 1977 until 1982.
Lambsdorff grew up in Hamburg, Brussels, and Bonn, attending the Catholic Academic High School Aloisiuskolleg at Bonn-Bad Godesberg until 1985, before going up to the University of Bonn. From 1991 until 1993 Lambsdorff studied at Georgetown University on a Fulbright Scholarship graduating as a MA in History and an MS in Foreign Service (1993). After diplomatic training, he served on the German Policy Planning Staff (together with Jorgo Chatzimarkakis, his contemporary and now fellow FDP MEP) before becoming director of the Bundestag office of former German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel, after the FDP left government in 1998.
In 1994, he married Franziska, daughter of Werner von Klitzing and Princess Wilhelmina of Wied, by whom he has two children.
- 1994: Trainee, European Commission
- 1994–95: Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Baltic States Office, Tallinn
- 1997–2000: Policy Planning Staff in the German Federal Foreign Office (German: Auswärtiges Amt (help·info))
- 2003–04: Political Department, Russia Desk in the German Federal Foreign Office
- 2000–03: Press Attaché, Embassy of Germany, Washington, D.C.
Lambsdorff was first elected to the European Parliament in 2004 and was confirmed in 2009 and 2014. Held in high regard, he was widely viewed as a possible successor to Graham Watson as leader of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group in the parliament, but the post went instead to Guy Verhofstadt From 2011, Lambsdorff chaired the 12-member German FDP delegation in the European Parliament, before subsequently being elected Leader of the European Liberals and Democrats Group in 2014.
Until 2014, Lambsdorff served as member of the European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs and the EU-Delegation for relations with the People's Republic of China. He also served as a deputy on the European Parliament Committee on Culture and Education and on the Delegation to the EU-Turkey Joint Parliamentary Committee DACP as well as the ACP-EU Joint Parliamentary Assembly. In 2010, he joined the Friends of the EEAS, a unofficial and independent pressure group formed because of concerns that the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Catherine Ashton was not paying sufficient attention to the Parliament and was sharing too little information on the formation of the European External Action Service.
Following the 2014 elections to the European Parliament, Lambsdorff became a member of the European Parliament Committee on International Trade. In this capacity, he has served as the parliament's rapporteur on the EU's agreement on the participation of Croatia in the European Economic Area.
Lambsdorff has led EU-Election Observer Missions on numerous occasions: as head of the EU-Election Observation Mission during the 2007–08 Kenyan crisis, he described the presidential elections as "flawed". Other elections he has overseen include the Bangladeshi general election in 2008, the first free Guinean presidential elections in 2010 and the Myanma general election in 2015.
As an MEP, he steered efforts to create a single EU-market for Defence and Security-related equipment as parliamentary rapporteur in 2009.
In January 2014, at the FDP Convention in Bonn, Lambsdorff was elected as his party's lead candidate for the European Parliament elections receiving a resounding 86.2% of the vote. Since 2014, he has been serving as one of the fourteen Vice Presidents of the European Parliament who sit in for the president in presiding over the plenary. In this capacity, he is also in charge of representing the parliament at multilateral bodies, including the United Nations and the World Trade Organisation, as well as of the parliament’s contacts with European business associations.
- 2004: Election to the European Parliament
- 2007: Chief of the EU Election Observation Mission in Bangladesh
- 2008: Chief of the EU Election Observation Mission in Kenia
- 2009: Re-election to the European Parliament and appointment as Vice Chair of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
- 2009: Chief of the EU Election Observation Mission in Bangladesh
- 2010: Chief of the EU Election Observation Mission in Guinea
- 2011: Appointment as Chair of the German FDP delegation in the European Parliament
- 2012: Chief of the EU Election Assessment Mission in Libya
- 2014: Vice-President of the European Parliament
- Founding Member of the FDP LV Net
- Member of the North Rhine-Westphalia Executive Committee
- Member of the Federal Executive Committee
- Member of the ELDR Council and Congress
See also: European Parliament election, 2004 (Germany)
European Parliament election, 2009 (Germany)
Lambsdorff has become increasingly critical of an accession of Turkey to the European Union and publicly declared that accession talks should be suspended until the Turkish government returns to the direction of the EU. In 2011, he accused Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of using "gunboat rhetoric" in his statements about Israel, adding that "with a strident anti-Israel course, it isn't making any friends in Europe." On the 2014 post-election protests in Turkey, he commented: "There are more journalists in jail [in Turkey] than in China or Iran and now the Prime Minister wants to close down YouTube and Twitter because people are saying things he doesn’t like." When Erdoğan, then in his position as President of Turkey, disparaged German president Joachim Gauck as a "pastor" in 2014, Lambsdorff demanded that "the negotiations [on EU accession] should be put in a deep freeze."
Following British Prime Minister David Cameron's veto of EU-wide treaty change to tackle the European debt crisis in 2011, Lambsdorff was quoted by German weekly Der Spiegel as saying: "It was a mistake to admit the British into the European Union."
When Chancellor Angela Merkel's government opted in 2011 to abstain from United Nations Security Council Resolution 1973 authorizing military force against Libya, Lambsdorff publicly criticized his fellow FDP member and then Germany’s Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle, arguing that "Germany's vote has weakened the EU."
Along with his fellow parliamentarians Marietje Schaake, Ramon Tremosa and members of the Greens/EFA group, Lambsdorff nominated Leyla Yunus, imprisoned Azerbaijani human rights activist and director of the Institute of Peace and Democracy, for the 2014 Sakharov Prize.
As a consequence of the European debt crisis, Lambsdorff told the Financial Times Deutschland in 2012 that it might make sense to give the European Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs greater influence over euro-zone countries’ budgets.
Following the 2014 European elections, Lambsdorff openly rejected Pierre Moscovici’s nomination as European Commissioner for Economic and Financial Affairs, Taxation and Customs, stating that Moscovici should be held accountable for France's rising deficit and worsening economic situation.
In December 2014, Lambsdorff proposed that the English language should be mastered by servants of the public administration, and should later become an official language of Germany, in addition to German. According to Lambsdorff, as experienced in other countries with a good knowledge of English in public institutions, this should help to attract more skilled migrants to prevent labor shortage, to ease business for investors and to establish a more welcoming culture. As evaluated by a representative YouGov survey, 59 percent of all Germans would welcome the establishment of English as an official language in the whole European Union.
- Berlin office of the American Jewish Committee (AJC), Member of the Advisory Board
- Atlantik-Brücke, Member
- Atlantic Initiative, Founding Member
- Broader European Leadership Agenda (BELA), Member of the Advisory Board
- Cercle de Lorraine, Member
- Europa-Union Deutschland, Member
- European Endowment for Democracy (EED), Member of the Board of Governors
- European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), Member
- European Security Foundation, Member of the Board of Trustees
- Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Member of the Board of Trustees
- German-Turkish Foundation, Founding Member
- Petersburger Dialog, Member
- German European Security Association (GESA), Member (2006-2015)