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Alexander Girardi

Alexander Girardi Austrian actor and singer

Austrian actor and singer
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Austrian actor and singer
A.K.A. Александр Жирарди
Countries Austria
Occupations Actor Singer Stage actor
Type Film, Television, Stage and Radio Music
Gender male
Birth 5 December 1850 (Graz)
Death 20 April 1918 (Vienna)
Star sign SagittariusSagittarius
The details
Biography

Alexander Girardi (pronounced [dʒiˈrardi]) (5 December 1850 – 20 April 1918) was an Austrian actor and tenor singer in operettas.

Career

Girardi was born in Graz; his father was the locksmith Andreas Girardi who had migrated to Graz from Cortina d'Ampezzo. Following the early death of his father, Alexander Girardi was raised by his stepfather who put him into a locksmith apprenticeship. Against his stepfather's wishes, he joined the amateur theatre Die Tonhalle, where his acting talent was discovered; this led to an engagement at the Vienna Strampfer-Theater.

In 1874 Girardi moved to the Theater an der Wien, where he continued to work for 22 years. In 1896/97 he worked at the Carltheater and then two years at the Volkstheater in Vienna. He also had guest appearances at other important theatres in Vienna and toured Germany (Berlin, Hamburg, Dresden).

Girardi monument, Karlsplatz in Wien; as "Valentin" in Ferdinand Raimund's Der Verschwender

One of his most renowned roles was Valentin in Ferdinand Raimund's Der Verschwender, particularly his rendition of the "Hobellied", the most famous number of the stage music by Conradin Kreutzer.

At the beginning of World War I Girardi retired from the stage and returned to Graz. Two months before his death in 1918, he was called to the Burgtheater in Vienna to play the role of Fortunatus Wurzel in Ferdinand Raimunds's Der Bauer als Millionär.

Girardi was unhappily married to Helene Odilon. Odilon had many affairs and had Girardi committed to a mental asylum (based on a certificate by Julius Wagner-Jauregg, who had not seen Girardi). Odilon and Girardi divorced in 1896. The actress Katharina Schratt persuaded Emperor Franz Joseph to release Girardi.

Aged 67, Alexander Girardi died on 20 April 1918 in Vienna. He is buried at the Vienna Zentralfriedhof, grave 33E-9-16.

Alexander Girardi as Adam in Carl Zeller's Der Vogelhändler

Girardi's staple stage role was the comic. He worked in the tradition of Ferdinand Raimund and Johann Nestroy, and he made a significant contribution to the popular Vienna operetta. Girardi created the roles of Blasoni in Johann Strauss's Cagliostro in Wien (1875), Andredl in Karl Millöcker's Das verwunschene Schloss (1878), Jan Janicki in Millöcker's Der Bettelstudent (1882), Benozzo in Millöcker's Gasparone (1884), Kálmán Zsupán in Strauss's The Gypsy Baron (1885), Adam in Carl Zeller's Der Vogelhändler (1891), the title role in Edmund Eysler's Bruder Straubinger (1903), and Pali Rácz in Emmerich Kálmán’s Der Zigeunerprimas (1912). He contributed greatly to the Golden Age of Vienna operetta.

Honours

Giradi's life was the subject of the 1954 film Der Komödiant von Wien.

The dish Girardirostbraten (Girardi roast beef) is named after him – a beef dish heavily covered with bacon and button mushrooms. His favourite hat style, a straw hat with flat crown and brim (a boater), became popular as the Giradi Hat. The city of Graz and the Vienna Mariahilf district have a Giradigasse (Girardi Lane) and there is a Girardipark in the district Innere Stadt. The Alexander Girardi International Singing Competition in Coburg is named after him.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Sources
References
http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb15671130s
http://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb15671130s
http://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/n92060290
http://isni.org/isni/0000000032590819
http://socialarchive.iath.virginia.edu/ark:/99166/w6kh1f01
http://www.aeiou.at/aeiou.encyclop.g/g413881.htm
http://www.biographien.ac.at/oebl_1/446.pdf
http://www.stadt.coburg.de/lebencoburg.asp?mid=189&uid=466&vid=164&iid=1800
https://archive.is/20121228121220/http://toolserver.org/~apper/pd/person/pnd/11869510X
https://d-nb.info/gnd/11869510X
https://viaf.org/viaf/12633328
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