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Aleksandr Samoylovich Martynov

Aleksandr Samoylovich Martynov

Russian politician
Aleksandr Samoylovich Martynov
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Russian politician
Was Politician
From Russia
Type Politics
Gender male
Birth 12 December 1865, Pinsk, Belarus
Death 5 June 1935, Moscow, Russia (aged 69 years)
Star sign Sagittarius
Politics Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Russian Social Democratic Labour Party
The details

Biography

As seen in 1906

Alexandr Martynov (Alexandr Martinov; also, Aleksandr Samoilovich Pikker;) (12 December 1865, Pinsk – 5 June 1935, Moscow) was a Menshevik before the Russian revolutions of 1917, and for a few years after the revolution a critic of the Soviet government's theory of permanent revolution (1923).

In 1884, he was a member of The People’s Will. From 1901 to 1902 Martynov was active on the journal of the Economist faction of the RSDLP, Rabocheye Delo, publishing articles strongly criticised by Lenin in What Is to Be Done?

After the October Revolution, Martynov started to distance himself from Menshevism. He finally broke with the Mensheviks during the Russian Civil War, and joined the Communist Party in 1923 as an opponent of the "Left Opposition." He was a chief architect of the "bloc of four classes."

In the 1920s, Martynov worked as a teacher at the Marx–Engels–Lenin Institute, the Communist Academy and the Sverdlov Communist University. From 1924 until his death in 1935, he worked for the Communist International.

Martynov was an advocate of the two stage theory, that a fully capitalist government was needed to run well into its course before socialism and thereafter communism could be possible.

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 25 Apr 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://books.google.com/books?id=tj933M3Lrq4C&pg=PA480&lpg=PA480&dq=martynov+pikker&source=bl&ots=9YWI8Iz7Tw&sig=AgONDlVtBZH7im20JQgmDi88QFo&hl=en&sa=X&ei=jyraUI3fKrH2igKX5IDgDg&sqi=2&ved=0CEgQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=martynov%20pikker&f=false
http://www.marxists.org/glossary/terms/b/l.htm
http://www.marxists.org/glossary/people/m/a.htm#martinov-alexander
https://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb17784890z
https://data.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb17784890z
http://isni.org/isni/0000000055458765
https://id.loc.gov/authorities/names/no94018560
https://aleph.nkp.cz/F/?func=find-c&local_base=aut&ccl_term=ica=skuk0003961&CON_LNG=ENG
https://www.idref.fr/17177471X
https://viaf.org/viaf/8574772
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/lccn-no94018560
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