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Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
The basics
Quick Facts
Intro Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Gender male
Death 22 September 1318
Father: Albert IDuke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Siblings: William IDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgLuther von BraunschweigHenry IDuke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Spouse: Rixa of Werle
Children: Magnus IDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgAlbert II of Brunswick-LüneburgHenry III of Brunswick-LüneburgOtto the MildDuke of Brunswick-LüneburgErnest IDuke of Brunswick-GöttingenAdelaide of Brunswick-Lüneburg
The details

Albert (Latin Albertus; c. 1268 – 22 September 1318), called the Fat (pinguis), was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
The second son of Albert the Tall, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Albert was a boy when his father died in 1279. He was first under guardianship of his uncle, Conrad, Prince-Bishop of Verden, and then of his elder brother, Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. In 1286 the three brothers divided their father's Principality of Wolfenbüttel; Albert received the areas around Göttingen, Minden, Northeim, Calenberg, and Hanover. He made Göttingen his residence, thus Principality of Göttingen. In 1292, the third brother, William, died childless, and Albert and Henry, who had received the Principality of Grubenhagen, quarrelled about William's share, the remaining belittled areas around Brunswick and Wolfenbüttel; Albert finally prevailed.


Albert married Rixa, daughter of Henry I, Prince of Werle and Mecklenburg-Güstrow, and Rikissa Birgersdotter from Sweden, in 1284. They had the following children who reached adulthood:

  • Adelaide, married John, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
  • Richenza, Abbess of Gandersheim
  • Mechtild
  • Jutta
  • Otto prince of Wolfenbüttel (died 1344)
  • Luder, joined the Teutonic Order
  • Albert, Bishop of Halberstadt (died 1358)
  • Henry, Bishop of Hildesheim (died 1362)
  • Magnus I prince of Wolfenbüttel (died 1369)
  • Ernest I prince of Gettingen (died 1367)


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