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Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen

Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen

Duke of the Principality Grubenhagen
Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Duke of the Principality Grubenhagen
A.K.A. Albrecht II van Brunswijk-Grubenhagen
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 1 November 1419
Death 15 August 1485 (aged 65 years)
Star sign ScorpioScorpio
Family
Mother: Elisabeth of Brunswick-Göttingen
Father: Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Siblings: Ernest II, Duke of Brunswick-GrubenhagenHenry III, Duke of Brunswick-GrubenhagenElisabeth of Brunswick-GrubenhagenMargaret of Brunswick-GrubenhagenAnna of Brunswick-Grubenhagen-EinbeckAgnes of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
Children: Philip I, Duke of Brunswick-GrubenhagenEric of Brunswick-Grubenhagen Justus von Braunschweig-GrubenhagenSophie von Braunschweig-GrubenhagenErnst von Braunschweig-GrubenhagenErich von Braunschweig-Grubenhagen
The details

Biography

Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (German: Albrecht II., Herzog zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg; 1 November 1419 – 15 August 1485), was a Prince of Grubenhagen; he reigned from 1440 until his death in 1485.

Albert II was the third son of Duke Eric I and Elizabeth of Brunswick-Göttingen, a daughter of Otto the Bad, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen. He was a grandson of the Duke Albert I, was still a minor when his father died on 27 May 1427. His first cousin once removed, Duke Otto the Younger of Grubenhagen-Osterode served until 1440 as regent for Albert II and his brothers Henry III and Ernest II. After 1440, the three brothers, following the Grubenhagen tradition, ruled jointly until Henry died in 1464. After the death of Henry II, Ernest II joined the clergy and Albert II became sole ruler and regent for Henry III's son, Henry IV.

Albert II was repeatedly involved in feuds. For example, in 1477, Duke William IV the Younger of Göttingen got into a dispute with the city of Einbeck (in the Duchy of Grubenhagen) and in 1479, he encamped his army before the town. The citizens of Einbeck came out to fight him in an open field. Duke William lured them into an ambush and defeated them completely. According to the chroniclers, more than 300 citizens were killed and over 800 were captured and brought to William's Hardegsen Castle. Albert and William settled their dispute on 5 December 1479 in Göttingen, without a battle. The city of Einbeck, however, had to pay a ransom of 30000guilders to free the captive citizens, and had to accept William's protection.

Henry IV came of age in 1479 and agreed with his uncle on a division of their territory. Albert kept Herzberg Castle and Osterode Castle, while Henry received Heldenburg Castle. The towns of Einbeck and Osterode were ruled jointly.

Albrecht was married with Elizabeth, daughter of Count Wolrad I of Waldeck. She gave birth to his three sons and a daughter Sophie, who died at age 6. His son Ernest died shortly after Albert himself died. Albert was succeeded in government by his son Philip I, while his son Eric became Bishop of Osnabrück and Paderborn. In 1532, Eric was elected Bishop of Münster, but he died on May 14 of that year, before he had been confirmed.

Albert died in 1485 and was buried in Osterode am Harz.

Ancestors

16. Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
16. Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
8. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
17. Agnes of Meissen
4. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
18. Henry II of Everstein-Polle
9. Adelaide of Everstein-Polle
19. Adelaide of Lippe
2. Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
20. Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
10. Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
21. Sophie of Brandenburg-Stendal
5. Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
22. Bernhard III, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
11. Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg
23. Agnes of Saxe-Wittenberg
1. Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
24. Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
12. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
25. Rixa of Werle
6. Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
26. Henry II, Landgrave of Hesse
13. Elisabeth of Hesse
27. Elisabeth of Thuringia
3. Elisabeth of Brunswick-Göttingen
28. Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg
14. William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg
29. Margaret of Ravensberg
7. Margaret of Jülich-Berg
30. Rupert II, Elector Palatine
15. Anna of the Palatinate
31. Beatrice of Sicily
16. Henry I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
8. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
17. Agnes of Meissen
4. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
18. Henry II of Everstein-Polle
9. Adelaide of Everstein-Polle
19. Adelaide of Lippe
2. Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
20. Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
10. Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
21. Sophie of Brandenburg-Stendal
5. Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
22. Bernhard III, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
11. Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg
23. Agnes of Saxe-Wittenberg
1. Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
24. Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
12. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
25. Rixa of Werle
6. Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
26. Henry II, Landgrave of Hesse
13. Elisabeth of Hesse
27. Elisabeth of Thuringia
3. Elisabeth of Brunswick-Göttingen
28. Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg
14. William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg
29. Margaret of Ravensberg
7. Margaret of Jülich-Berg
30. Rupert II, Elector Palatine
15. Anna of the Palatinate
31. Beatrice of Sicily
8. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
17. Agnes of Meissen
4. Albert I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
18. Henry II of Everstein-Polle
9. Adelaide of Everstein-Polle
19. Adelaide of Lippe
2. Eric I, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
20. Magnus the Pious, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
10. Magnus II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
21. Sophie of Brandenburg-Stendal
5. Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg
22. Bernhard III, Prince of Anhalt-Bernburg
11. Catherine of Anhalt-Bernburg
23. Agnes of Saxe-Wittenberg
1. Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
24. Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
12. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
25. Rixa of Werle
6. Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Göttingen
26. Henry II, Landgrave of Hesse
13. Elisabeth of Hesse
27. Elisabeth of Thuringia
3. Elisabeth of Brunswick-Göttingen
28. Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg
14. William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg
29. Margaret of Ravensberg
7. Margaret of Jülich-Berg
30. Rupert II, Elector Palatine
15. Anna of the Palatinate
31. Beatrice of Sicily

References and sources

Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Grubenhagen
House of Welf
Cadet branch of the House of Este
Born: 1 November 1419 Died: 15 August 1485
Preceded by
Henry III
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Grubenhagen

1440–1485
Succeeded by
Philip I
Preceded by
Otto II
Ruler of Osterode
1452–1485
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 09 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
https://d-nb.info/gnd/138100187
https://viaf.org/viaf/88163975
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/88163975
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