|Intro||Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt|
|Birth||14 November 1641, Rudolstadt, Germany|
|Death||15 December 1710, Rudolstadt, Germany (aged 69 years)|
Albert Anton, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (14 November 1641 in Rudolstadt – 15 December 1710, ibid.) was the ruling Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt from 1662 to 1710. He was raised to Imperial Prince in 1697, however, he chose not to accept his elevation. In 1710, he was elevated again, and this time, he accepted.
Albert Anton was the son of Count Louis Günther I and his wife Emilie of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst. His wife was the famous poet and hymn writer Emilie Juliane, née Countess of Barby-Mühlingen, whom he married in 1665.
Albert Anton was esteemed very highly by Emperor Joseph I. In 1705, he was appointed imperial commissioner and tasked with organizing the Emperor's homage in the free imperial cities of Mühlhausen and Goslar. Two commemorative coins were minted on this occasion.
In 1697, he was raised to an Imperial Prince and the County of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt was raised to a principality. However, he chose not to accept his elevation. His main reason was his religious modesty, focussed on piety, which became more pronounced after the sudden death of his favourite sister Ludmilla Elisabeth. He also wanted to avoid a confrontation with his neighbours, the Dukes from the Ernestine lines of the House of Wettin, who had opposed his elevation.
In 1710, the elevation was reaffirmed and this time, Albert Anton accepted it. However, he did not publish his elevation and continued to use the style Count of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. His son and successor Louis Frederick I published the elevation in 1711, and began using the style Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt on 15 April 1711.
Albert Anton was a friend and promoter of science. He was motivated by a desire to develop his country in every possible way. He created a number of charitable foundations aiming to facilitate access to scientific knowledge.
He died on 15 December 1710 in Rudolstadt, and was succeeded by his son Louis Frederick I.