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Agnes of Austria

Agnes of Austria Queen of Hungary; House of Habsburg member

Queen of Hungary; House of Habsburg member
Agnes of Austria
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Queen of Hungary; House of Habsburg member
Was Queen
From Hungary
Type Royals
Gender female
Birth 18 May 1281, Vienna, Austria
Death 10 June 1364, Königsfelden Abbey, Switzerland (aged 83 years)
Star sign TaurusTaurus
Family
Mother: Elizabeth of Carinthia, Queen of Germany
Father: Albert I of Germany
Siblings: Gutta von OettingenCatherine of Austria, Duchess of CalabriaAnne of Austria, Margravine of BrandenburgElisabeth of AustriaFrederick the FairAlbert II, Duke of AustriaRudolf I of BohemiaLeopold I, Duke of AustriaOtto, Duke of AustriaHenry the Friendly
Spouse: Andrew III of Hungary
The details

Biography

Agnes of Austria (18 May 1281 – 10 June 1364) was a Queen consort of Hungary by marriage to Andrew III of Hungary.

Life

Agnes of Austria, Queen of Hungary

She was a daughter of Albert I of Germany and his wife Elisabeth of Tirol. She was Queen of Hungary by marriage. She was a member of the House of Habsburg.

Queen

On 13 February 1296 in Vienna, Agnes married Andrew III of Hungary. Afterwards, with his father-in-law's support, Andrew managed to defeat the revolt of Miklós Kőszegi and Máté Csák III, and occupy the castles of Kőszeg and Pozsony. In 1298 Andrew supported with troops his father-in-law's revolt against King Adolf of Germany.

Agnes disliked tournaments, but liked sermons. Since she was small of stature, she used to wear dresses her sisters no longer wanted, which gained her praise for modesty.

The death of Andrew III on 14 January 1301, at Buda, ended the male line of the Árpáds. Stephen Ákos, one of his contemporaries called him "the last golden twig of the Árpáds".

Later life

At that point, Agnes was a widow and she had no children to carry on the Árpád dynasty. However she was only 19 so was still able to remarry and have children but she never did. Agnes became a patroness of Königsfelden Monastery in the County of Tyrol, which had been founded by her mother in memory of her late husband. Agnes took her stepdaughter Elizabeth with her and went to live there in a small house near the monastery. She was one of the final members of the Arpad family. Elizabeth was expected to marry Wenceslaus III of Bohemia, but the wedding never happened since Wenceslaus instead married Viola Elisabeth of Cieszyn. Left free, she became a Dominican nun at the nearby Töss Monastery, where she gained a reputation for holiness.

Agnes was depicted as pious. On the other hand, according to the 16th century Chronicon helveticum of Aegidius Tschudi, she avenged her father's murder by ordering the execution and expulsion of 1000 people (families and followers of his murderers), but it appears this report was to a large extent based on Swiss anti-Habsburg propaganda. Because of her good reputation, she was asked several times to act as mediator. In 1333, she established a treaty between Austria and a number of Swiss towns and regions during the Gümmenenkrieg. In 1351, she solved a dispute between Basel and Bremen and did the same in the same year for Albert II, Duke of Austria and the Swiss Confederacy. Her brothers often came to see her in Königsfelden to ask for advice.

Agnes died on 10 June 1364 at Königsfelden, and was buried in the nuns' cemetery of Königsfelden Monastery.

Ancestry

16. Rudolph II, Count of Habsburg
16. Rudolph II, Count of Habsburg
8. Albert IV, Count of Habsburg
17. Agnes of Staufen
4. Rudolf I of Germany
18. Ulrich, Count of Kiburg and Dillingen
9. Heilwig of Kiburg
19. Anna von Zähringen
2. Albert I of Germany
20. Burckhard IV, Count of Hohenburg
10. Burckhard V, Count of Hohenburg
5. Gertrude of Hohenberg
22. Rudolph II, Count Palatine of Tübingen
11. Mechtild of Tübingen
1. Agnes of Austria
24. Engelbert III, Count of Gorizia
12. Meinhard I of Gorizia-Tyrol
25. Matilda of Andechs
6. Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia
26. Albert IV, Count of Tyrol
13. Adelaide of Tyrol
27. Uta of Frontenhausen
3. Elisabeth of Tirol
28. Louis I, Duke of Bavaria
14. Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
29. Ludmilla of Bohemia
7. Elisabeth of Bavaria
30. Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine
15. Agnes of the Palatinate
31. Agnes of Hohenstaufen
16. Rudolph II, Count of Habsburg
8. Albert IV, Count of Habsburg
17. Agnes of Staufen
4. Rudolf I of Germany
18. Ulrich, Count of Kiburg and Dillingen
9. Heilwig of Kiburg
19. Anna von Zähringen
2. Albert I of Germany
20. Burckhard IV, Count of Hohenburg
10. Burckhard V, Count of Hohenburg
5. Gertrude of Hohenberg
22. Rudolph II, Count Palatine of Tübingen
11. Mechtild of Tübingen
1. Agnes of Austria
24. Engelbert III, Count of Gorizia
12. Meinhard I of Gorizia-Tyrol
25. Matilda of Andechs
6. Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia
26. Albert IV, Count of Tyrol
13. Adelaide of Tyrol
27. Uta of Frontenhausen
3. Elisabeth of Tirol
28. Louis I, Duke of Bavaria
14. Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
29. Ludmilla of Bohemia
7. Elisabeth of Bavaria
30. Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine
15. Agnes of the Palatinate
31. Agnes of Hohenstaufen
8. Albert IV, Count of Habsburg
17. Agnes of Staufen
4. Rudolf I of Germany
18. Ulrich, Count of Kiburg and Dillingen
9. Heilwig of Kiburg
19. Anna von Zähringen
2. Albert I of Germany
20. Burckhard IV, Count of Hohenburg
10. Burckhard V, Count of Hohenburg
5. Gertrude of Hohenberg
22. Rudolph II, Count Palatine of Tübingen
11. Mechtild of Tübingen
1. Agnes of Austria
24. Engelbert III, Count of Gorizia
12. Meinhard I of Gorizia-Tyrol
25. Matilda of Andechs
6. Meinhard, Duke of Carinthia
26. Albert IV, Count of Tyrol
13. Adelaide of Tyrol
27. Uta of Frontenhausen
3. Elisabeth of Tirol
28. Louis I, Duke of Bavaria
14. Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
29. Ludmilla of Bohemia
7. Elisabeth of Bavaria
30. Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine
15. Agnes of the Palatinate
31. Agnes of Hohenstaufen
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 20 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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Reference sources
References
http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/AUSTRIA.htm#Agnesdied1364
https://d-nb.info/gnd/122191447
https://hls-dhs-dss.ch/fr/articles/012465
http://isni.org/isni/0000000015690287
http://data.bibliotheken.nl/id/thes/p074638440
https://viaf.org/viaf/15645841
https://www.worldcat.org/identities/containsVIAFID/15645841
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