Adolf Strauss (6 September 1879 – 20 March 1973) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II. As with all German armies on the Eastern Front, Strauss's 9th Army implemented the criminal Commissar Order.
As commander of the II Army Corps, Strauss participated in the German Invasion of Poland. On 30 May 1940, he was appointed commander of the 9th Army in France. Strauss participated in Operation Barbarossa with Army Group Centre. In January 1942 he was replaced in command of the 9th Army by Walter Model following the initial breakthrough of the Soviet forces during commencement of the Rzhev Battles. He died on 20 March 1973 in Lübeck.
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 27 October 1939 as General der Infanterie and commanding general of the II. Armeekorps