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Abd ar-Rahman II

Abd ar-Rahman II Emir of Cordoba

Emir of Cordoba
Abd ar-Rahman II
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Emir of Cordoba
A.K.A. 'Abd ar-Rahman II, Abd-ar-rahman II, Abd Er-Rahman II, Abd-ar-Rahman I...
Is Politician
Type Politics
Gender male
Birth Toledo
Death 22 September 852, Córdoba
Family
Father: Al-Hakam I
Children: Muhammad I of Córdoba
Abd ar-Rahman II
The details

Biography

Abd ar-Rahman II (Arabic: عبد الرحمن الثاني‎‎) (792–852) was the fourth Umayyad Emir of Córdoba in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) from 822 until his death.

Biography

Abd ar-Rahman II was born in Toledo, the son of Emir Al-Hakam I. In his youth he took part in the so-called "massacre of the ditch", when from 700 to 5,000 people come to pay homage to the princes who were killed by order of Al-Hakam.

He succeeded his father as Emir of Córdoba in 822 and engaged in nearly continuous warfare against Alfonso II of Asturias, whose southward advance he halted (822–842). In 837, he suppressed a revolt of Christians and Jews in Toledo. He issued a decree by which the Christians were forbidden to seek martyrdom, and he had a Christian synod held to forbid martyrdom.

In 844, Abd ar-Rahman repulsed an assault by Vikings who had disembarked in Cádiz, conquered Seville (with the exception of its citadel) and attacked Córdoba itself. Thereafter he constructed a fleet and naval arsenal at Seville to repel future raids.

He responded to William of Septimania's requests of assistance in his struggle against Charles the Bald's nominations.

Abd ar-Rahman was famous for his public building program in Córdoba where he died in 852. He made additions to the Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba. A vigorous and effective frontier warrior, he was also well known as a patron of the arts.

He was also involved in the execution of the "Martyrs of Córdoba".

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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