Dr. Sylvia-Yvonne Kaufmann (born 23 January 1955 in Berlin) was a German Member of the European Parliament. She was elected on the PDS ticket and sat with the European United Left - Nordic Green Left group.
Dr. Kaufmann is a qualified Japanologist. She was Deputy Chairman of the PDS 1993-2000 and sat in the Volkskammer of the German Democratic Republic before reunification and the Bundestag thereafter.
From 20 July 2004 to January 2007 she served as one of the 14 Vice-Presidents of the European Parliament.
On 14 May 2009 she left the Left Party after she failed to be reselected for the list of candidates for the European elections and joined the Social Democrats.
Dr. Kaufmann is member of the executive board of Europa-Union Deutschland, the German section of the Union of European Federalists.