Shabbir Ahmad Usmani: Pakistani scholar (1886 - 1949) | Biography, Facts, Information, Career, Wiki, Life
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Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
Pakistani scholar

Shabbir Ahmad Usmani

Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Pakistani scholar
Was Politician Scholar
From India Pakistan
Field Academia Politics
Gender male
Birth 6 October 1886, Bijnor, India
Death 13 December 1949, Bahawalpur, Pakistan; Bahawalpur State, British Raj (aged 63 years)
Star sign Libra
Politics Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
Shabbir Ahmad Usmani
The details (from wikipedia)


Shabbir Ahmad Usmani (Urdu: شبیر احمد عثمانی‎, Shabbīr Aḥmad ‘Usmānī; 11 October 1887 – 13 December 1949) was an Islamic scholar who supported the Pakistan Movement in the 1940s. He was a religious scholar, writer, orator, politician, and expert in tafsir and Hadith.

His nephew, Aamir Usmani, was also an Islamic scholar as well as a poet.

Early life and career

Born on 11 October 1887 in Bijnor, a city in Uttar Pradesh, British India. His father, Fadhlur Rahman, was a deputy inspector of schools and had been sent on assignment to Bareilly, when his son Shabbir was born. He was educated at Darul Ulum Deoband, where he became a disciple of Mahmud ul Hasan, and graduated in 1908. After his graduation, he was appointed as a teacher at Darul Uloom Deoband.

In 1915, when Mahmud ul Hasan went into self-exile in Hijaz, Saudi Arabia, Usmani filled his position as the teacher of Sahih Muslim, a book of teachings of prophet Muhammad. In 1925, Sultan Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia scheduled a conference for prominent religious scholars from all over the world. A deputation of a number of 'ulama' from India participated in this conference, it is believed that they chose Usmani as their leader after having a short conversation with him.

In 1926, he moved to Dabhel, a small predominantly Deobandi town in the Indian state of Gujarat, and became a teacher at Jamiah Islamiah Talimuddin Dabhel. In October 1929, when the foundation committee decided to establish Jamia Millia Islamia (A Central University), New Delhi, he was elected as a member of the founding committee. Many other Islamic scholars also were members of the Foundation Committee including Husain Ahmad Madani, Abdul Bari Firangi Mahali, Mahmud Hasan Deobandi, Kifayatullah Dihlawi, and Abdul Haq Akorwi. In 1933, when Anwar Shah Kashmiri died, Usmani became the teacher of Sahih al-Bukhari, a book of teachings by prophet Muhammad.

Literary works

Title Description
Tafsir-e-Usmani an Urdu translation of the tafsir of the Quran written by Mahmud ul Hasan
Fathul Mulhim Sharh Sahih Muslim a commentary on Sahih Muslim, a book of teachings by prophet Muhammad

Political career

Shabbir Ahmad Usmani was one of the founding members of Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi as he was a member of the Foundation Committee of the Jamia (University) that met on Friday, 29 October 1920. In 1944, he became a member of the All-India Muslim League and led a small group of Deobandis who supported the creation of Pakistan.

As a leader of this pro-Pakistan faction of Deobandis of the old Jamiat-e-Ulema-e-Hind party, which was originally founded in Deoband in 1919, he went ahead and founded a new and separate political party called the Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam in 1945, along with other like-minded pro-Pakistan religious leaders. He joined Muslim League in 1944 at a critical juncture of Pakistan movement when most of the feudals of N.W.F.P. and Punjab came under the influence of the Congress. Shabbir Ahmad Usmani with a team of 500 Ulema eliminated the influence of these corrupt feudals from these regions and converted the sentiments of common people toward Pakistan movement. The importance of Maulana Usmani is also conspicuous from the fact that the Quaid-i-Azam consulted him on all important matters after independence. He served JUI as its first president until his death in 1949. Usmani, with a team of approximately 500 other religious leaders, actively campaigned to convert the sentiments of common Muslim people in favor of the Pakistan movement. He played a key role in steering people away from some of the corrupt feudal lords and tribal chiefs in Punjab, British India and N.W.F.P. who were previously supporting All India National Congress in those regions. In fact, he became a close consultant of Jinnah after the independence of Pakistan in 1947. He is also notable for having led the funeral prayer of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan in September 1948.

When Pakistan became independent, its first flag hoisting was also done (in West Pakistan) by him in the presence of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Liaqat Ali Khan (while in East Pakistan, his fellow, Allama Zafar Ahamd Usmani, did the flag hoisting in the presence of Khwaja Nazimuddin). .

After the Partition of India, Usmani became a member of the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, and remained a member until his death in 1949.

He is best remembered for having spearheaded the Qarardad-i-Maqasid Objectives Resolution for Pakistan, which was passed by the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan on March 12, 1949.

Death and Legacy

Usmani died at Baghdadul Jadid in Bahawalpur State on 13 December 1949, and was buried at Islamia Science College (Karachi) the next day.

Pakistan Postal Services issued a commemorative postage stamp in his honor in 1990 in its 'Pioneers of Freedom' series.


ISBN 0-7546-4434-0, ISBN 978-0-7546-4434-7

The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 12 Jun 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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