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Paul Rougnon: French composer (1846 - 1934) | Biography
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Paul Rougnon
French composer

Paul Rougnon

Paul Rougnon
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro French composer
A.K.A. Paul-Louis Rougnon
Was Educator Musician Composer Music educator
From France
Field Academia Music
Gender male
Birth 24 August 1846, Poitiers, arrondissement of Poitiers, Vienne, Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Death 11 December 1934 (aged 88 years)
The details (from wikipedia)

Biography

Paul-Louis Rougnon (24 August 1846 – 11 December 1934) was a French composer, pianist and music educator.

Biography

Paul Rougnon was born in Poitiers the son of Louis Rougnon and Claire Clotilde Robin. A student at the Lycée Bonaparte (now the Lycée Condorcet), he entered the Conservatoire de Paris in 1861 as an auditor, then a full-time student in 1862. He studied piano, music theory and composition with such masters as Édouard Batiste, François Bazin, Ambroise Thomas, Antoine François Marmontel and César Franck. He received degrees in music theory in 1865, harmony in 1868 and counterpoint in 1870.

In 1873, at age 27, Rougnon became a professor at the Conservatoire, then under the directorship of Ambroise Thomas. He taught music theory, counterpoint and fugue until his retirement in 1921. His students include Alfred Cortot, Yves Nat, Fernand Oubradous, Noël Gallon, and Henri Mulet. In addition to teaching, he was an administrator for the choral societies Orphéon and Sociétés musicales mutuelles. He composed choral works especially for these ensembles. After the turn of the century, he began to work with various magazines including Piano-Soleil, Le Monde Musical, Le Ménestrel, Le Monde Orphéonique and L'Harmonie.

As a prolific composer and writer, he composed more than 300 musical works in addition to literary and pedagogical volumes. He composed hundreds of piano pieces, two operas, some chamber music, and also vocal and choral works. In 1896, under the tenure of Théodore Dubois, the Conservatoire began the practice of charging composers to write contest pieces. Rougnon began composing works for this purpose, particularly for piano, viola, flute, and trumpet. His treatises on music theory and piano pedagogy are still in use today.

Rougnon received a gold medal for his collective works of music education at the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris. In 1911, he was made a Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur.

Rougnon married Marie-Louise de Beurmann in 1887 and had five children. He died on 11 December 1934 at his home in Saint-Germain-en-Laye.

Selected works

Compositions

This is a list of compositions sorted by genre, opus number, date of composition (or publication), and title.

Genre Opus Date Title Scoring Notes
Opera 1876 La Prima Donna libretto by Lauzières de Thémines
Opera Le Prince charmant
Chamber music Air de ballet for oboe and piano
Chamber music 1916 Allegro appassionato in D minor for viola (or cello) and piano
Chamber music 1879 Aragonaise for violin and piano original for piano solo
Chamber music 1900 Morceaux 22 Morceaux for oboe (or violin) and piano
Chamber music 1919 Barcarolle in G major for flute (or violin) and piano
Chamber music 138 1895 Concertino romantique in D minor for viola (or violin) and piano dedicated to violist Théophile Laforge
Chamber music 1921 ElegieÉlégie
Chamber music 1922 Fantaisie-Caprice in G major for viola and piano dedicated to violist Maurice Vieux
Chamber music Fantaisie de concert 11er Fantaisie de concert for trumpet and piano
Chamber music 1900? Fantaisie de concert for oboe and piano
Chamber music 1902 Fantaisie de concert 44ème Fantaisie de concert in G minor for viola (or violin) and piano
Chamber music Grande etude de concertGrande étude de concert for viola and piano
Chamber music Méditation for violin (or cello) and piano or organ
Chamber music 1911 Pieces archaiques concertantes4 Pièces archaïques concertantes
  1.  
  2. Danza
  3. Passe-pied
  4. Toccata
for violins 22 violins and piano
Chamber music Polonaise de concert for trumpets 22 trumpets and piano
Chamber music PrierePrière
Chamber music 1919 Rapsodie italienne for flute (or violin) and piano
Chamber music 1919 SerenadeSérénade in A major for flute (or violin) and piano dedicated to flautist René Le Roy (1898–1985)
Chamber music Sicilienne for bass saxhorn, bugle, baritone or saxophone
Chamber music 128 1895 Solo 11er Solo in F major for clarinet and piano dedicated to clarinetist Cyrille Rose
Chamber music Solo de concert 11er Solo de concert for alto saxophone and piano
Chamber music 1895 Solo de concert 22ème Solo de concert
  1. Berceuse
  2. Caprice
for alto saxophone and piano "Ces deux parties s'enchaînent sans interruption ou peuvent être jouées séparément"
Chamber music Solo de concert 11er Solo de concert for trumpet or cornet and piano
Chamber music 129 1895 Solo de concert 22ème Solo de concert in D minor for trumpet and piano "Imposé au Concours du Conservatoire de Paris (1895)"
Chamber music 1900 Solo de concert 44ème Solo de concert in F major for trumpet and piano "Imposé au Concours du Conservatoire de Paris (1913)"; dedicated to trumpeter Merri Franquin
Chamber music 1900 Solo de concert 55ème Solo de concert: Variations sur un thème original for trumpet and piano Fantaisie pastorale
Chamber music Solo de concert 88ème Solo de concert for trumpet and piano
Chamber music Suite de concert for viola and piano
Organ Pieces 22 Pièces for organ No. 1 in C, No. 2 in E
Piano 002 Caprice-Menuet, Menuet symphonique in G major for piano
Piano 004 Mazurka-Polonaise for piano
Pedigogical 012 1875 Etudes préparatoires de mécanisme15 Études préparatoires de mécanisme et de style mélodiques et progressives for piano
Pedigogical 015 1874 Recreations instructives dans tous les tons24 Récréations instructives dans tous les tons majeurs et mineurs, Précédées de la gamme rythmée et d'un exercice dans le ton du morceau for piano
Pedigogical 021 1877 Etudes tres faciles 1212 Études très faciles, Faisant suite aux méthodes for piano introduction to Op. 22
Pedigogical 022 1877 Etudes faciles sans octaves 1212 Études faciles sans octaves, Précédées d'exercises préparatoires et composées spécialement pour développer le mécanisme, le sentiment mélodique et rhythmique for piano introduction to Op. 23
Pedigogical 023 1877 Etudes chantantes de style et de mecanisme 1212 Études chantantes de style et de mécanisme faisant suite aux Études faciles, Op. 22, Précédées d'exercices préparatoires for piano introduction to Op. 24
Piano 026 1877 Caprices-Etudes15 Caprices-Études for piano dedicated to Ambroise Thomas
Piano 030 La Madgyare, Fantaisie-Caprice for piano
Piano 032 La Chant de la montagne for piano
Piano 035 Rêve maternal for piano
Piano 0 1879 Aragonaise for piano also for violin and piano
Piano 038 1879 La charmeuse, Polka-Mazurka for piano
Piano 046 1880 Historiette, Caprice for piano
Piano 047 1880 Le sommeil des fleurs, Nocturne for piano
Piano 0 1880 Fleurs et diamants, Caprice brillante for piano
Piano 052 1882 Souvenance, Gavotte for piano
Piano 055 1881 Caprice espagnol for piano
Piano 0 1881 Le Réveil de flore, Valse brillante for piano
Piano 0 1886 Au Village, Impromptu for piano
Piano 0 1886 Valse-Caprice for piano
Piano 080 1887 Gavotte for piano
Piano 081 1887 Chanson vénitienne for piano
Piano 082 1887 Marquis et Marquise, Souvenir d'autrefois for piano
Piano 088 1885 Perruque poudrée, Vieux style for piano
Piano 090 1885 Aragonaise for piano
Piano 091 Concert des anges, Nocturne brilliante for piano
Piano 093 Valse-Ballet, Morceau de salon for piano
Piano 096 1886 Scherzo-Valse, Morceau brilliante for piano
Piano 097 Tristezza, Chant de tristesse, Nocturne for piano
Piano 098 Allegrezza for piano
Piano 099 Valse des lutins, Morceau brilliante for piano
Piano 100 1887 Valse rêveuse for piano
Piano 101 1887 Menuet symphonique for piano
Piano 103 Ballerine, Air de ballet for piano
Piano 104 Astre des nuits, Nocturne for piano
Piano 105 Menuet de l'infante for piano
Piano 105 Valse-Rêverie for piano
Piano 106 Chanson de l'aïeule for piano
Piano 107 Valse joyeuse for piano
Piano 108 Mascarade for piano
Piano 109 Parmi le thym et le rosée, Idylle in A major for piano
Piano 110 Valse des fileuses for piano
Piano 111 Sous les tilleuls, Valse alsacienne for piano
Piano 115 Polichinelle for piano
Piano 117 Bagatelle for piano
Piano 120 Pièces faciles et brillantes sans octaves4 Pièces faciles et brillantes sans octaves
  1. Danse bretonne
  2. Rondo-Valse
  3. Ballade
  4. Galop
for piano 4-hands
Piano 121 Gavotte Régence for piano
Piano 122 Valse arabesque for piano
Piano 123 Russia, Mazurka for piano
Piano 124 Menuet-Ballet for piano
Piano 125 Danse rustique for piano
Piano 126 Dans l'azur, Caprice for piano
Piano 128 Echos du nord, Mazurka for piano
Piano 129 Près du Ruisseau for piano
Piano 131 Mazurka rêveuse for piano
Piano 133 Chanson du Batelier for piano
Piano 136 Hymne for piano
Piano 141 Passe-pied de la reine for piano
Piano 141 Chants du cœur for piano
Piano 142 Les Cascatelles, Caprice brillante for piano
Piano 142 Valse-Caprice 22ème Valse-Caprice for piano
Piano 146 Valse expressive for piano
Piano 170 1899 Sérénade tendre for piano
Piano 171 1899 A GrenadeÀ Grenade, Danse espagnole for piano
Piano 200 Faintaisie-Valse for piano
Piano 220 Morceaux 66 Morceaux
  1. Sous la Ramée, Valse
  2. La Naïade, Caprice
  3. En rêvant, Romance
  4. Talons roses, Caprice-Gavotte
  5. En valsant, Fantaisie-Valse
  6. Balancelle, Caprice-Valse
for piano
Piano 301 1912 Pour la saison nouvelle, 2 Pièces for piano
Piano 1921 Danse ancienne in D minor for piano
Piano 1927 Les Harpes célestes, Caprice in G major for piano
Piano 1931 Mazurka 66ème Mazurka in D major for piano
Piano 1930 Alsacienne 11ère Alsacienne in A major for piano may be played as a solo or simultaneously with 2ème Alsacienne on a second piano
Piano 1930 Alsacienne 22ème Alsacienne in A major for piano may be played as a solo or simultaneously with 1ère Alsacienne on a second piano
Piano Air de ballet 22e Air de ballet for piano
Piano Cantilène italienne for piano
Piano Chanson espagnole in D minor for piano
Piano Chant d'amour, Rêverie-Barcarolle in E major for piano
Piano Fleur de bruyères, Villanelle for piano
Piano La Féria, Caprice espagnol in A minor for piano
Piano Marche bosniaque in C major for piano
Vocal 1876 Le Bataillon de la reine for voice and piano words by François de Barghon Fort-Rion
Vocal 1879 Chant de Pâques for voice and piano words by L. Bridier; championed by tenor Jean-Alexandre Talazac
Vocal 1879 L'Assomption! for voice and piano words by L. Bridier
Vocal 1885 La Chanson du renouveau for voice and piano words by R. Laret
Vocal 1885 Le Souvenir for voice and piano words by P. Roussel
Vocal 099 1887 Gavotte-Marly for voice and piano ....Théorie composée par De Soria
Vocal 1890 Pour Vous, Mélodie for voice and piano words by Léon Roger-Milès
Vocal 1904 Le Chant de la Mutualité, Prose rythmée for voice and piano words by the composer
À Monsieur Léopold Mabilleau, Président de la Fédération Nationale des Sociétés de Secours Mutuels, Directeur du Musée Social
Vocal 1921 Les Enfants du Poitou!, Hymne patriotique poitevin for voice and piano words by the composer; Patriotic Hymn of Poitou
Vocal 1927 Aragonaise, Cantilène espagnole for voice and piano words by Louis Tiercelin
Vocal Comment on dit: je t'aime for voice and piano words by Fernand Rougnon
Vocal Coquelicots et bluets for voice and piano words by Louis Girard
Vocal J'ai fait pleurer tes yeux... for voice and piano words by A. Saillard
Vocal Je crois, j'aime, j'espère!, Mélodie for voice and piano words by Fernand Rougnon
Vocal Le Rêveur et le passant for voice and piano words by Fernand Rougnon
Choral Bois for male chorus a cappella
Choral Cyclopes, Scène chorale for male chorus a cappella
Choral En mer for male chorus a cappella
Choral Enfants de la côte for male chorus a cappella
Choral Enfants d'Orphée for male chorus a cappella
Choral Enfants de St. Eloi for male chorus a cappella
Choral Fin de moisson for male chorus a cappella
Choral Fleur du matin for male chorus a cappella
Choral Fraternité for male chorus a cappella
Choral Gloire aux héros! for male chorus a cappella
Choral Haut les cœurs! for male chorus a cappella words by H. A. Simon
Choral Hymne à Paris (Vive Paris!), Scène chorale for male chorus a cappella
Choral Hymne au drapeau for male chorus a cappella
Choral Idylle for male chorus a cappella
Choral Korrigans for male chorus a cappella
Choral La Nuit aux champs for male chorus a cappella
Choral Les Bateleurs for male chorus a cappella
Choral Les Chants du jeune age pour garçons ou filles for chorus and piano
Choral Les Flibustiers for male chorus a cappella
Choral Les Laboureurs for male chorus a cappella words by René Brancour
Choral Les Pêcheurs for male chorus a cappella
Choral Les Penseurs for male chorus a cappella
Choral Les Voix de la foule for male chorus a cappella
Choral 1873 Messe en Fa majeur à 3 voix for chorus a cappella premiered at L'église de Saint-Porchaire in Poitiers with subsequent performances in Paris on 6 June 1891 at Basilique du Sacré Cœur de Montmartre, in Rome at San Luigi dei Francesi, and at the Palace of Versailles
Choral Poésie du soir for male chorus a cappella
Choral Retour du Pôle for male chorus a cappella
Choral Vers les Times for male chorus a cappella

Literary works

  • Devoirs élémentaires de musique théorique et pratique en deux livres (Éditions Gallet)
  • Dictées harmoniques à 2 parties (Heugel and Cie., 1914)
  • Dictionnaire général de l'art musical (Éditions Delagrave, 1935)
  • Dictionnaire musical des locutions étrangères (italiennes, allemandes, etc.) (c.1880, Éditions Delagrave, 1918, 1935)
  • La Musique et son histoire (Librairie Garnier Frères, 1920)
  • Le Mouvement et les nuances d'expression dans la musique (P. Dupont, 1893)
  • Le Rythme et la mesure: Traité complet théorique, analytique & practique (Éditions Enoch et Cie.)
  • Manuel de transposition musicale: étude de toutes les clés; appliquée aux instruments de musique et principalment au piano, à l'orgue, à la harpe (Heugel, 1912)
  • Origines de la notation musicale moderne: Étude historique (1925)
  • Petit dictionnaire de musique: termes musicaux usuels (Heugel, 1922)
  • Petit dictionnaire liturgique de musique religieuse: théorique, pratique, historique (P. Lethielleux, 1921)
  • Petite biographie des grands compositeurs (in 3 volumes) 1. École française 2. École italienne 3. École allemande (Éditions Margueritat, 1924)
  • Souvenirs de 60 années de vie musicale et de 50 années de professorat au Conservatoire de Paris (Éditions Margueritat, 1925)
  • Cours de chant choral (Andrieu et Cie., 1924)
  • Cours de piano élémentaire et progressif formant un cours complet de mécanisme (E. Gallet, 1899; Éditions M. Combre)
  • Grandes études journalières de solfège à changement de clef (Éditions du Ménestrel, 1907)
  • Mon piano: Hygiène du piano, Petit dictionnaire explicatif et historique des éléments constitutifs du piano (Éditions Fischbacher, 1921)
  • Principes de la musique. Étude développée (Édition Delagrave, 1936)
  • Solfège élémentaire: théorique, analytique et pratique à la portée des jeunes élèves (Éditions Combre)
  • Solfège en 16 volumes (Éditions Combre)
  • Traité pratique de prosodie dans la composition musicale et la déclamation lyrique (Éditions Enoch et Cie.)
  • Traité pratique d'harmonie (Éditions Gallet)
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