|Intro||President of Moldova|
|From||Romania Moldova Moldova Russia|
|Birth||5 April 1884, Răzeni, Ialoveni District, Moldova|
|Death||18 November 1940, Bucharest, Romania (aged 56 years)|
|Politics||Bessarabian Peasants' Party, National Liberal Party|
Ion C. Inculeț (April 5, 1884 – November 18, 1940) was a Bessarabian politician and the president of the Moldavian Democratic Republic. Also, he was a minister in Romania.
Born in Răzeni, the Russian Empire, now in Republic of Moldova, Inculeț graduated the Chișinău Seminary, studied medicine for a year at the Estonian Dorpat University and then he moved to Saint Petersburg, where he graduated in science at the Saint Petersburg University, working there as a lecturer.
After getting his PhD in 1915, Inculeț worked as a physicist at the Meteorological Observatory, while at the same time, he wrote for the Basarabia newspaper of Constantin Stere. Participating in the February Revolution, on May 25 Inculeț was sent by Alexander Kerensky as a representative of the Russian Provisional Government to Bessarabia to follow the evolution of events.
President of the Moldovan Parliament
Sfatul Țării, a representative body was formed on November 21, 1917, and Inculeț is chosen in unanimity its president. The first session of Sfatul Țării was held on December 4 [O.S. November 21] 1917, and chose Ion Inculeț as its president.
President of Moldavian Democratic Republic
On December 15 [O.S. December 2] 1917, Sfatul Țării proclaimed the Moldavian Democratic Republic, with Inculeț as President. On April 9 [O.S. March 27] 1918, Sfatul Țării decided the union of Bessarabia with Romania and Inculeț was appointed Minister for Bessarabia in the Romanian government.
On October 22 [O.S. October 9] 1918, Ioan Simionescu proposed Inculeț to be a member of the Romanian Academy and he was elected as a full member on the meeting which took place the following day. His inaugural speech was named "Space and time in new scientific light" and it talked about the importance of Einstein's 1916 Theory of Relativity.
Together with Pan Halippa, Inculeț founded the Bessarabian Peasants' Party, which militated for land reform in Bessarabia. In 1923, his wing of the party joined the National Liberal Party.
Inculeț died on 18 November 1940 and was buried at the Bellu cemetery in Bucharest. The remains of Ion C. Inculeț and his spouse, Roxana Cantacuzino, were moved to Bârnova on June 7, 1942. The tombs of Inculeț and his wife are inside the Bârnova church (built 1942-47).