Emperor Duanzong of Song: Emperor of the Song Dynasty (1268 - 1278) | Biography
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Emperor Duanzong of Song
Emperor of the Song Dynasty

Emperor Duanzong of Song

Emperor Duanzong of Song
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro Emperor of the Song Dynasty
A.K.A. Duanzong, Zhao Shi
Was Monarch
From China
Field Royals
Gender male
Birth 10 July 1268, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China
Death 8 May 1278 (aged 9 years)
Star sign Cancer
Mother: Empress Dowager Yang
Father: Emperor Duzong
Siblings: Zhao ZhuoZhao ShuZhao XianZhao HuangEmperor Gong of SongEmperor Bing of Song
The details (from wikipedia)


Emperor Duanzong of Song (10 July 1269 – 8 May 1278), personal name Zhao Shi, was the 17th emperor of the Song dynasty in China and the eighth and penultimate emperor of the Southern Song dynasty. He was the fifth son of Emperor Duzong and an elder brother of his predecessor, Emperor Gong and successor Zhao Bing.

Emperor Gong along with Grand Dowager Xie surrendered to the Mongol Empire in 1276 after the fall of the Song capital, Lin'an (present-day Hangzhou). Zhao Shi and his seventh brother, Zhao Bing, managed to escape southward to Fujian Province, where the new Song capital was established. On June 14, 1276, Zhao Shi was enthroned as the new Emperor Duanzong who ruled under the era name "Jingyan" (景炎; literally: "bright flame"). However, in early 1278, the Mongols broke through the Song dynasty's last lines of defence, forcing Zhao Shi to flee again. Accompanied by loyal ministers such as Lu Xiufu and Zhang Shijie, Zhao Shi boarded a ship and fled further south to Guangdong Province. In March 1278, while fleeing from the Mongols led by Liu Shen, in a hurricane, Zhao Shi fell from a boat and almost drowned. Thereafter, he stayed temporarily in Hong Kong which at that time was a small fishing village. He died a few months later in Gangzhou (碙州; present-day Mui Wo, Lantau Island, Hong Kong) due to Illness. He was succeeded by his seventh brother, Zhao Bing, who was enthroned in Mui Wo, the same village where Zhao Shi nearly drowned and died at.

The historical relic Sung Wong Toi in present-day Hong Kong's Kowloon City commemorates Zhao Shi's escape to Hong Kong.


  • Parents:
    • Zhao Qi, Duzong (度宗 趙禥; 1240–1274)
    • Empress Dowager, of the Yang clan (皇太后 楊氏; d. 1279), personal name Juliang (巨良)
  • Brothers:
    • Emperor Gong of Song (personal name Zhao Xian) - Older brother and predecessor of Emperor Duanzong; Sixth Son of Zhao Qi
    • Emperor Bing of Song (personal name Zhao Bing) - Younger brother and successor of Emperor Duanzong; 8th and Youngest son of Zhao Qi; Final emperor of the Song dynasty
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article on 06 Mar 2020. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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