Chungseon of Goryeo: The king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea (1275 - 1325) | Biography
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Chungseon of Goryeo
The king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea

Chungseon of Goryeo

Chungseon of Goryeo
The basics

Quick Facts

Intro The king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea
Was King
From South Korea
Field Military Royals
Gender male
Birth 20 October 1275
Death 23 June 1325, Khanbaliq (aged 49 years)
Mother: Princess Jeguk
Father: Chungnyeol
Spouse: Baoda Shilian
Children: Chungsuk
The details (from wikipedia)


King Chungseon of Goryeo (20 October 1275 – 23 June 1325) (r. 1298 and 1308–1313) was the 28th king of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He is sometimes known by his Mongolian name, Iǰirbuqa (益知禮普花, means 'small ox'). Adept at calligraphy and painting, rather than politics, he generally preferred the life of the Yuan capital Beijing to that of the Goryeo capital Kaesong. He was the eldest son of King Chungryeol; his mother was a Yuan royal, Queen Jangmok, a daughter of Khublai Khan also known by her Mongolian name/title Qutlugh-kelmysh.


In 1277, King Chungseon was confirmed as Crown Prince; in the following year he travelled to China and received his Mongolian name.

In 1296, he was married to the Yuan Princess Botapsillin. However, the king already had three Korean wives, the daughters of the powerful nobles Jo In-gyu, Hong Mun-gye, and Seo Won-hu.

King Chungseon's mother died in 1297, and this was followed by a violent purge brought on by allegations that she had been murdered. Perhaps upset by these evens, King Chungnyeol petitioned Yuan to abdicate the throne and was accordingly replaced by King Chungseon in 1298. Faced with intense plotting between the faction of his Mongolian queen and his Korean queen, King Chungseon returned the throne to his father shortly thereafter.

He became the Prince of Shenyang, a new title, in 1307 or 1308. After his father's death in 1308, King Chungseon was obliged to return to the throne of Goryeo and made efforts to reform court politics, but spent as much time as possible in China. The title King of Shenyang was renamed Prince of Shen in 1310. He is a very rare case of personal unions in East Asia. He retired from the throne in 1313, and was replaced by King Chungsuk of Goryeo. King Chungseon was briefly sent into exile in Tibet (lately Sakya) after the death of the emperor Renzong of Yuan (元仁宗) but was permitted soon thereafter to return to Beijing, where he died in 1325.


  • Father: King Chungnyeol of Goryeo (3 April 1236 – 30 July 1308) (고려 충렬왕)
    • Grandfather : King Wonjong of Goryeo (5 April 1219 – 23 July 1274) (고려 원종)
    • Grandmother : Queen Jeongsun of the Gyeongju Kim clan (1222 – 29 July 1237) (정순왕후 김씨)
  • Mother: Queen Jangmok of the Borjigin clan (28 June 1259 – 21 May 1297) (장목왕후)
    • Grandfather : Kublai Khan of Yuan (23 September 1215 – 18 February 1294) (쿠빌라이 칸)
    • Grandmother : Asokjin Khatun (아속진가돈)
  • Consorts:
  1. Grand Princess Gyeguk of the Borjigin clan (? – 1315) (계국대장공주)
  2. Royal Consort Yasokjin Ui-Bi (? – 18 July 1316) (의비 야속진)
    1. Wang Gam, Prince Gwangreung (? – May 1310) (광릉군 왕감)
    2. King Chungsuk of Goryeo (30 July 1294 – 3 May 1339) (고려 충숙왕)
  3. Royal Consort Jeong-Bi of the Kaesong Wang clan (? – 1345) (정비 왕씨)
  4. Royal Consort Jo-Bi of the Pyeongyang Jo clan (조비)
  5. Royal Consort Sunhwa Won-Bi of the Namyang Hong clan (? – 13 August 1306) (순화원비 홍씨)
  6. Royal Consort Sun-Bi of the Yangcheon Heo clan (1271 – 1335) (순비 허씨)
  7. Unnamed consort
    1. Wang Hye, Prince Deokheung (1314 – 1367) (덕흥군 왕혜)
    2. Unnamed son
    3. Princess Suchun (? – 1345) (수춘옹주)

Popular culture

  • Portrayed by Im Si-wan and Nam Da-reum in the 2017 MBC TV series The King in Love.
The contents of this page are sourced from Wikipedia article. The contents are available under the CC BY-SA 4.0 license.
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