|Intro||American musical comedian|
|Was||Comedian Radio personality Actor Film actor Businessperson Musician|
|From||United States of America|
|Field||Business Film, TV, Stage & Radio Humor Music|
|Birth||2 August 1890, Van Buren, Crawford County, Arkansas, USA|
|Death||2 February 1956, Encino, Los Angeles, Los Angeles County, USA (aged 65 years)|
Robin "Bob" Burns (August 2, 1890 – February 2, 1956) was an American musical comedian, who appeared on radio and in movies from 1930 to 1947.
Burns played a novelty musical instrument of his own invention, which he called a "bazooka". During World War II, the US Army's handheld anti-tank rocket launcher was nicknamed "bazooka" after Burns's instrument, and the term remains current into the 21st century as generic name for some shoulder-fired rocked launchers.
He was born Robin Burn in Greenwood, Arkansas. When he was three years old, his family moved to Van Buren, Arkansas. As a boy, Burns played trombone and cornet in the town's "Queen City Silver Cornet Band". At 13, he formed his own string band. Practicing in the back of Hayman's Plumbing Shop one night, he picked up a length of gas pipe and blew into it, creating an unusual sound. With modifications, this became a musical instrument he named a "bazooka" (after "bazoo", meaning a windy fellow, from the Dutch bazuin for "trumpet"). A photograph shows him playing his invention in the Silver Cornet Band. Functioning like a crude trombone, the musical bazooka had a narrow range, but this was intentional.
Burns also studied civil engineering and worked as a peanut farmer, but by 1911 was primarily an entertainer.
During World War I Burns enlisted in the United States Marine Corps. He sailed to France with the Marine 11th Regiment. As a sergeant, he became the leader of the Marine Corps's jazz band in Europe. Burns made another "bazooka" from stove pipes and a whiskey funnel, which he sometimes played with the Corps band. In September 1919, he and his "Marine Corps Melody Six" jazz band, with Burn playing his bazooka, were attached to the Marine Corps Recruiting Station in Manhattan.
The Arkansas Traveler
After the war, Burns returned to the stage, often playing the bazooka as part of his act. He used it as a prop when telling hillbilly stories and jokes. Burns became known as The Arkansas Traveler and The Arkansas Philosopher. His stage persona was a self-effacing, rustic bumpkin with amusing stories about "the kinfolks" back home in Van Buren. His character was patterned after Sandford C. Faulkner (1803–1874), composer of the popular fiddle tune, "The Arkansas Traveler". A caricature of Burns on the cover of the book The Arkansas Traveler appears in the Looney Tunes cartoon "Book Revue" (1945).
In 1930, Burns auditioned for a major Los Angeles radio station. He had prepared a 10-minute performance, but was asked to do 30 minutes, which he filled out with improvised stories and bazooka tunes. The managers did not care for his prepared material, but were impressed by his improvised material. Burns was hired. He appeared on an afternoon show, "The Fun Factory", as a character called "Soda Pop".
In 1935, on a visit to New York, Burns asked bandleader and radio star Paul Whiteman for an audition. Whiteman put Burns on his nightly show, the Kraft Music Hall, which was broadcast nationally; Burns was a big hit. Burns also became a regular on Rudy Vallée's show The Fleischmann's Yeast Hour.
Burns returned to Los Angeles in 1936, where Kraft Music Hall was now hosted by Bing Crosby. Burns was a regular, playing the bazooka and telling tall tales about his fictional hillbilly relatives, Uncle Fud and Aunt Doody.
Bob Burns was the host of the 10th Academy Awards held on March 10, 1938, at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, California. Originally scheduled to be held on March 3, 1938, the ceremony was postponed due to heavy flooding in Los Angeles.
In 1941, Burns was given his own radio show, called The Arkansas Traveler (1941–43) and The Bob Burns Show (1943–47).
From 1936 to 1940, Burns wrote a newspaper column, "Well, I'll Tell You," a column filler with brief homespun anecdotes. The daily feature was syndicated to 240 newspapers.
In 1930, Burns appeared briefly in the film Up the River playing the bazooka in blackface for a prison vaudeville show. Over the next five years, he appeared in 10 movies, either uncredited or in a minor role, usually playing the bazooka.
After his national radio breakthrough in 1935–1936, Burns moved up to feature roles as a contract player with Paramount Pictures. In Rhythm on the Range (1936) he was second lead with Crosby. He appeared in eleven more films in 1936 to 1940, including eight starring roles. Most of these were comedies, but he also played a crusading lawyer in the drama Our Leading Citizen (1939). He also appeared on the December 4, 1939 Lux Radio Theatre one-hour adaptation of A Man to Remember, taking Edward Ellis's film role as a humane small-town doctor battling the townspeople's greed.
In 1941, Burns broke with Paramount, rather than appear in a proposed film which he thought was excessively demeaning to "the people of his native hills".
In 1944, Burns appeared in the Technicolor musical Western film Belle of the Yukon (1944), set in the Canadian Gold Rush. Burns was top-billed with Randolph Scott, Gypsy Rose Lee and Dinah Shore. His last appearance was as co-star in The Windjammer (1945), which he helped write.
His last performance was on January 30, 1955, on The Ed Sullivan Show (then called Toast of the Town).
For his contributions to the film industry, Burns was inducted posthumously into the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 1960 with a motion pictures star located at 1601 Vine Street.
In 1921, Burns married Elizabeth Anna Fisher. They had one child, Robert Jr., who was married to actress Naomi Stevens and who died in 2012. Elizabeth died in 1936. Burns then married his long-time secretary Harriet M. Foster in May 1939. They had three children, Barbara, William, and Stephen, and remained married until his death.
A wealthy man from his land investments, Burns spent his final years on his 200-acre (0.81 km) model farm on Sherman Way in Canoga Park, in the San Fernando Valley of Los Angeles, California.
He died from kidney cancer in nearby Encino on February 2, 1956, at the age of 65.
|1930||Up the River||Slim - Bazooka Player||Uncredited|
|1931||Not Exactly Gentlemen||Newspaper Printer||Uncredited|
|Quick Millions||'Arkansas' Smith||(as Robert Burns)|
|Young as You Feel||Colorado Detective||Uncredited|
|Heaven on Earth||Marty||Uncredited|
|1932||If I Had a Million||Marine Sergeant||Uncredited|
|Tombstone Canyon||Sheriff Mort Langly||Uncredited|
|1933||Laughter in Hell||Sheriff with Posse||Uncredited|
|Lazy River||Slim - Prisoner||Uncredited|
|1936||Rhythm on the Range||Buck Eaton|
|The Big Broadcast of 1937||Bob Black|
|1937||Waikiki Wedding||Shad Buggle|
|Mountain Music||Bob Burnside|
|Wells Fargo||Hank York - a Wanderer|
|1938||Radio City Revels||Lester Robin|
|Tropic Holiday||Breck Jones|
|The Arkansas Traveler||The Arkansas Traveler|
|1939||I'm from Missouri||Sweeney Bliss|
|Our Leading Citizen||Lem Schofield||(said to be his favorite role, his only serious one)|
|1940||Alias the Deacon||Deke Caswell|
|Comin' Round the Mountain||Jed Blower|
|1944||Belle of the Yukon||Sam Slade|
|1945||The Windjammer||Himself||(final film role)|